Category: Biomass

April 23, 2014
Although low temperature fuel cells powered by methanol or hydrogen have been well studied, existing low temperature fuel cell technologies cannot directly use biomass as a fuel, because of the lack of an effective catalyst system for polymeric materials. Now, researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have developed a new type of low-temperature fuel cell that directly converts biomass to electricity, with assistance from a catalyst activated by solar or thermal energy. 
The hybrid fuel cell can use a wide variety of biomass sources; including starch, cellulose, lignin – and even switch-grass, powdered wood, algae and waste from poultry processing. The device could be used in small-scale units to provide electricity for developing nations, as well as for larger facilities to provide power, where significant quantities of biomass are available.
In the solar-induced direct biomass-to-electricity hybrid fuel cell, electrons in the biomass can be transferred to polyoxometalate (POM) under sunlight irradiation, and reduced POM can deliver the charges to the anode. These electrons are then captured by oxygen in the cathode.
“We have developed a new method that can handle the biomass at room temperature, and the type of bi

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April 22, 2014
India’s economic system seems to be threatened by the unexpected and incredible rise in the price of crude oil in international market, in recent period. About 100% increase in crude oil prices in short span of few years has exposed the economies of 3rd world countries about to collapse.India is shortly approaching the crisis situation regarding its energy resources. At present we meet our energy requirement from coal, hydro, nuclear, oil and gas reserves. Despite of being rich in gas reserves, our gas supply is still finite. It is therefore unequivocally crucial to look for alternate energy sources in order to save our natural gas reserves. Out of four traditional fuels in automotive sector of India, petrol, diesel and LPG are petroleum based fuels while CNG is non petroleum alternate fuel source with two principle benefits of being cheap and environment friendly.
 
Sucrose extracted from sugarcane accounts for little more than 30% of the chemical energy stored in the harvested parts of the mature plant. Almost 35% chemical energy lies in the leaves and stem tips, which are left in the fields during harvest. Remaining 35% chemical energy is contained in the fibrous material (ba

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April 21, 2014
Interface, a leading carpet tile manufacturer and environmental pioneer, will switch to using 100% sustainable gas at its manufacturing plant in Scherpenzeel, The Netherlands, from January 1, 2014. The carpet tile manufacturer has signed a contract for sustainable energy supplier- Eneco to supply gas produced using certified ‘green’ waste from the food industry, provided by fish processor- A. van de Groep.Interface is already using green energy across its European manufacturing sites and the decision to use sustainable gas is a part of the company’s long-term ‘Mission Zero’ sustainability goal. As a result of this contract, Interface will receive all of its gas via Eneco, amounting to 2.3 million m3 per year, which is equivalent to the amount of gas used by 750 households annually.
 
Ton van Keken, Senior Vice President of Operations at Interface Europe, said: “We are excited about our partnership with A. van de Groep and Eneco. The transition to sustainable gas is the next logical step on our journey towards ‘Mission Zero’ – our goal to become a truly sustainable company and have zero impact on the environment by 2020. By using a combination of green energy and biogas, our Euro

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April 21, 2014
The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India, is implementing a MNRE – UNDP / GEF assisted Project on “Removal of Barriers to Biomass Power Generation in India.” The aim of the Project is to accelerate the adoption of environmentally sustainable biomass power technologies by removing the barriers identified, thereby laying the foundation for the large scale commercialization of biomass power through increased access to financing.As part of this Project, the Ministry is contemplating to commission a study to explore possibility of “Dedicated Energy Plantation on Wastelands” in 4 selected States. This inter – alia involve identification of wastelands, review of existing policy and regulatory frameworks, development of project proposal with public – private partnership in selected States, and preparation of prospective plan for at least two States.
 
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April 21, 2014
The power generation from bagasse cogeneration projects in India is in the range of Rs 3.00 to 3.50 per kWh, which is considered economical.The scheme for promotion of power generation through bagasse co-generation in the sugar mills provides for Central Financial Assistance in the form of capital subsidy depending upon boiler configuration of projects in co-operative, public and private sectors.Besides, fiscal incentives such as, accelerated depreciation, excise duty exemption, concessional customs duty on equipment and components required for initial setting up of co-generation projects, ten years tax holiday on income tax are, also available. Further, preferential tariff is also being provided for the power generated by sugarcane bagasse co-generation projects. Financial support is also provided for organizing business meets, workshops and training programs.
 
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April 19, 2014
A team of experts today visited the proposed sites for construction of biomass-based power plant at SihhmuianLengte villages near Aizawl.Harry Dhaul, Director General of the Independent Power Producers Association of India (IPPAI) said that small biomass power plants, which use sawdust and forest residuem was thought to be feasible in Mizoram, which has a thick forest cover.Dhaul said that around three plants, with capacity of one megawatt each, in a district would be sustainable to begin with.If the Aizawl-based Eternity Partners’ plans to set up biomass plants materialize, then it would be a pioneer venture in the State by private players and also the first biomass plant in the North-Eastern region of India. 
 
The IPPAI yesterday organized a conference on Empowering North East India 2013, under the theme – Decentralized Distributed Generation- latest Developments and Policy Initiatives, focusing on power from biomass sources.The conference was addressed by Director in the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, V.K. Jain, former chairmen of central and state electricity regulatory commissions, a
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April 19, 2014
Haryana’s first biomass project, which will generate power using farm residue, has been commissioned in Khurawata village of Mahendergarh district, in Haryana.Set up over an area of 15 acres, at a cost of Rs. 64 crore, the 9.9 MW project comes up under the State’s Renewable Energy Power Policy, a spokesperson for the Haryana Renewable Energy Development Agency has said.A MoU was signed between the agency and a Delhi-based private firm for the project.The plant will use mustard stalk and other agro biomass as fuel for power generation, and adequate arrangement for fuel supply on everyday basis has been made by the government.Another 9.5 MW biomass power project, being set up in DhanaNarsan village of district Bhiwani, is likely to be commissioned in a couple of months, he said.Haryana has a potential to generate about 1000 MW power from agro biomass.
 
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April 19, 2014
AREVA and Astonfield Renewable Resources Limited have agreed to form a strategic partnership to develop biomass power plants across India, producing a total output of 100 MW, at an estimated investment of around €100 million. Work on the first plant began in the last quarter of 2009, in the State of West Bengal.Under the terms of the agreement, AREVA’s Bioenergy unit in Chennai will be responsible for plant design, construction and commissioning. The group will also co-invest in these projects, alongside Astonfield.The agreement comes as part of AREVA’s strategy to strengthen its renewable energy offer, particularly in India and South-East Asia. 
 
Ameet Shah, Co-Chairman of Astonfield Renewable Resources Limited stated “Astonfield’s commitment to renewable energy involves bringing the world’s best technology players to the table. AREVA is a reference in its field and we look forward to continuing this relationship through this and many future successful biomass projects in India.”Anil Srivastava, CEO of AREVA Renewables stated “AREVA currently has 100 bioenergy plants in operation or under construction worldwide, and will be putting all
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April 18, 2014
JalSansthan will soon take action against those citizens who are disposing off their sewer and waste in open drain. The organization issued a warning ordering residents to connect their home sewer line with the main line. Disposal of sewer water in open drain is an offence and punishable.BK Dwivedi, secretary JalSansthan, stated that as per law, if a sewer line was passing within 200 meters from any house then the resident had to pay tax. He called upon the citizens to connect their sewers with main sewer line, or else a fine will levied.He said that society areas would not be covered under this scheme, since they had not deposited betterment charges. The scheme would be enforced in the corporation limit, he added.
 
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April 18, 2014
Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC) has threatened to seal the Wazirpur industrial area if it continues to violate environmental regulations.The area with 2,000-odd industrial units is allegedly discharging untreated waste water into the sewers. The waste water doesn’t reach the common effluent treatment plant (CETP) as the sewerage system is broken, says a team of DPCC scientists, which recently visited the area.The committee has asked Delhi Jal Board (DJB) if it knows that the sewerage system is not working in the industrial area. In the letter, DPCC has said it will close all such units if DJB fails to identify the problem.
 
DPCC has also written to the corporation, Delhi Police and Wazipur Industrial Association about the violation. The committee has also asked association members to ensure that each plant treats its waste water separately before releasing it.What is more worrying is that the untreated “acidic discharge” may be polluting the Yamuna. “We have found that hardly any water is reaching CETP. This waste water must be ending up in the Yamuna,” said a senior official.The DPCC team h

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